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Abaco’s dark clouds: Five months after Hurricane Dorian, Haitian immigrants struggle to find shelter and schools​

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    ABACO Five months after Hurricane Dorian devastated Marsh Harbour, Abaco, the sounds of children giggling and running echo through the once eerily silent island air.

The children play on an unpaved driveway that runs along the side of the New Haitian Mission Baptist Church. The church stands as one of the few remaining buildings after the monster Category 5 storm tore through the tiny Bahamian island. For the community, it’s a sanctuary, and a home to those who lost everything.

A handful of families who settled at the church after Dorian washed away their homes take refuge between rows of beige tents.

Keline, 9, separates herself from the others and flips through some vocabulary workbooks, sounding out the words as she reads.

“Be — be — beee — ”

Keline and the other children haven’t attended school since Sept. 1, when Hurricane Dorian wiped out all of the schools in Marsh Harbour. The only schools operating on the island are privately run.

Her family came over from Haiti for a better life, but they are poor and can’t afford private school. Keline’s dad, Lucner, is heartbroken that Keline cannot attend school. She’s a vivacious learner and reader. Some days, she begs him to go back. She wants to become a nurse and take care of her family. He knows how much potential she has, and that’s what hurts the most.

Weeks after the storm, The Ministry of Education ordered residents to come to Nassau to enroll in schools there and in Freeport. The families who were able to, made the trip, but Lucner stayed in Marsh Harbour hoping that schools there would eventually reopen. His work is in Marsh Harbour. He didn’t want to uproot his family. They waited for months, but no schools ever reopened.

Lucner eventually tried taking Keline to Nassau to enroll in school, but the ministry told him it was too late; she would have to wait until next year.

Keline can sometimes be quiet, and in those moments, she thinks about her old life. When she thinks about the storm, she wants to cry.

“I didn’t want to die. And I scared to die, because I don’t know where I going.”

But other times, missing school pulls her out of her shell to play teacher in the yard with the other kids. She drags a crate along the rocky, dirt path and plops it in front of the other children.

She lectures with authority. “Here, color this,” she demands. “It’s time to sing your ABCs,” she says, “You need to practice.”

“I don’t want to,” the other kids whine. They want to play. Keline knows most of her peers don’t think about their future, they’re focused on games. But she isn’t like the other kids — she thinks about it very hard and very often. What will she become? How will she get there?

Lucner and Keline can’t return to their home in “The Mudd,” a former shantytown on the northeast side of Marsh Harbour, home to the poorest of the poor, many of them undocumented Haitian immigrants. The land was obtained from squatter’s rights that allowed the Haitians to move in beginning in the 1970s. It was one of the first areas targeted by the government for cleanup.

The government scraped The Mudd clean of any remnants of what life there once was and fenced it off so it can’t be built on.

Many Haitians immigrated to the Bahamas to escape the oppressive regime of President Jean-Claude Duvalier and began pursuing agricultural jobs in the area. They moved mostly into shantytowns with poorly constructed homes and illegal electricity often prone to fires. By 2018, Abaco’s shantytowns had grown to over 900 residences, according to a government report.

There was growing animosity and disdain towards Haitians living in The Mudd. Before the storm hit, the government of the Bahamas already had plans to relocate all residents in shantytowns, according to Lesley Johnson from the Bahamas Disaster Reconstruction Authority. Tensions were high. Many Haitians lived in fear of deportation.

Some Abaco residents say the government used the storm as an excuse to clear
The Mudd and move out the immigrants. In their eyes, clearing The Mudd was prioritized over rebuilding schools and infrastructure.

Now, those who used to live in The Mudd have nowhere to go.

Johnson said as long as the Haitians are coming in legally, they won’t face discrimination.

Lucner has legal status from a work permit, but he still lives in fear. The renewal is never guaranteed and his family currently lives in limbo in a tent outside the church.

Peering out from the dark shade of the tent, Keline thinks of a longer life. A life as a nurse, caring for her family and others. She wants to see what her family is like years later, how they’re doing and where they might be living.

She dreams of college, but for now her school is in the dirt with her books, and she is the teacher.

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Gary Green

Article Topic Follows: Regional News

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